His merit, in particular, consists that he with all definiteness emphasized: the scientific knowledge results from experience, it is not simple from direct sensitive data, namely from purposeful organized experience, experiment. Moreover, the science cannot simply be under construction on direct data of feeling.
In the fourth part on private, but typical and various examples all had to be shown to "A reason ladder" that developed course of research and an order of a discovery which technique is stated in "the New Organelle". To this part Bacon wrote only the small introduction.
Under intuition the concept of precise and attentive mind, so simple and distinct means "that it does not leave any doubt that we think, or that of the same, strong concept of precise and attentive mind generated only by natural light of reason".
Application of algebraic methods to geometrical objects, introduction of system of rectilinear coordinates meant creation of the analytical geometry uniting geometrical and arithmetic sizes which since Ancient Greek mathematics existed in separateness.
Connection of experiment is an association in a whole of several experiments "communication and coupling of their applications". It is used where separate experiences do not bring desirable result, but in connection with others give the necessary effect.
In the history of philosophy Descartes's creativity - one of the biggest tops, one of the greatest achievements. The most important principle of methodology of research of historico-philosophical process consists, as we know, in, that in the movement of philosophical doctrines, systems, categories, ideas to open fight of materialism and idealism. This fight is not static and very inconsistent, it does not lie on a surface of the even openly resisting philosophical doctrines and systems at all. Such fight was almost always not one-planned and ambiguous. Development found it deepening of human knowledge, complication of consciousness of the person in its diverse aspects, in his relation to the nature and culture. Feature of philosophical creativity of Descartes that in it new and materialistic and idealistic provisions were formulated. Thereby fight of materialism and idealism rose by higher step. And though Descartes eventually was inclined towards idealism, he reported to this fight a new impulse.
Having proclaimed essentially new orientation and the importance of philosophy, Bacon in understanding of if not tasks, then volume of its competence adjoined classical antique tradition, at the same time giving to this concept and that wide value of scientific knowledge in general which for a long time will take roots in Anglo-Saxon use.
The world outlook value of physiophilosophical doctrines of the Renaissance was defined mainly by restoration of that dialectic understanding of the nature as complete and self-real which dominated in antiquity and now resisted to kreatsionistsky doctrines of scholastic philosophy.
Secondly, a problem of baconian induction - to reveal "form", in peripatetichesky terminology the "formal" reason and which is not "operating" or "material" which, in his opinion, chastna and it is passing and therefore cannot be invariably and significantly connected with these or those simple properties.
The close purposes are set also as René Descartes, but he offers the analysis demanding strict sequence in knowledge on an image of mathematics. Descartes assigns a special part to consciousness ("I think, therefore I exist"), and also methodical doubt.
According to Descartes, the method is the tool of the person, and the scheme of interaction of people - a method in the course of work is very simple and is as follows: the method improves certain abilities of the person, bringing perfection to extreme borders. There is it during the analysis of abilities consisting in their data to the simplest, to further not dismembered, elementary actions. But in such look they lose any concrete touch with this or that concrete feature of the specific individual and become owing to this fact method elements, in Descartes's terminology - find the statute of the elementary provisions, axioms on which the method is based.