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* System error messages, such as ''device full'' (the device is filled) in the course of installation. It is a sure sign of that you went beyond the taken-away space at installation. Not all distribution kits are capable to deal with it; you will not be able to interrupt installation and are compelled to wait when the system itself stops.

It can occur for several reasons: * The hard drive or the controler is not supported. If you use the controler of the hard drive (IDE, SCSI and to that are similar, from what are not supported in Linux, the kernel does not recognize your section at a loading stage.

* System error messages, such as ''read_intr: 0x10'' at the appeal to the hard drive. It usually speaks about existence of bad blocks on a disk. However, if you received this message during performance of mkswap or mke2fs, that the system had problems with access to your disk could be the cause of it.

To reboot and switch off system in use, at all do not reboot and do not switch off system by pressing of "reset" or ctrl-alt-del. The truth on the majority of Linux of systems a combination of ctrl-alt-del will lead to normal switching off through the shutdown team. It is not necessary to switch off food also. As well as in the majority of systems UNIX, Linux stores the written-down information in a cache of random access memory.

* the geometry of the hard drive is not distinguished. Some systems, such as IBM PS/ValuePoint, do not place information on geometry of the hard drive in memory of CMOS where Linux expects it to find. Also, some SCSI controlers should report, where to find disk geometry that Linux could distinguish a format of your disk.

Requirements of Linux to sections In UNIX systems files are stored in file system which first of all is located on the disk (or on other device, like CD ROM or a diskette) formatted for storage of files. Each file system is associated with concrete part of a catalog tree; for example, in many cases there is a file system for all catalog/usr files, another for / tmp, etc. Root file system primary file system to which there corresponds the most top catalog.

Many MS-DOS systems use one section, filling all disk space. In MS-DOS this section is known, as C:. If at you more than one section, MS-DOS names them D:, E:, etc. Each section acts as an independent disk.

"Conflict of the address or IRQ?" All devices in your car use IRQ (IRQ - Interrupt ReQuest or line of inquiries of interruption) to report to system that the system has to make for them something. At the appeal to system more than one device, the kernel is not capable to define, what device needs service.

The system can hang when loading to that there can be some reasons. First of all, you can have not enough memory (RAM) for loading of means of installation. The reason of many system lags - hardware incompatibility.

Hardware problems and their localization the Most general case when installation or use of Linux come into conflict with the equipment. It is important to localize these hardware problems if you suspect what exactly they are a source of your troubles. It means that excepting all possible components and (usually) operating system, you gradually step by step allocate faulty part of the equipment. You have to switch-off all devices except controlers of a flexible disk, video and the keyboard.

The concept of splitting into sections Generally hard drives break into sections where separate sections are allocated to separate operating systems. For example, you can make some independent sections on a disk: one, say, for MS-DOS, another for OS/2 and the third for Linux.

After installation of Linux you will have opportunity to install LILO which will allow you to be loaded from the hard drive. At this time you can describe geometry for the install LILO procedure that will allow not to enter geometry at each loading.

Before to install Linux, you need to prepare file systems for placement of the Linux programs. You have to have at least one file system (root file system), and therefore one section appointed for Linux. Many users of Linux manage to place all the files in root file system with which easier to be operated (one), than with a set of file systems.